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Phnom Kulen

The Phnom Kulen mountain range is located 30 km north of Angkor Wat. Its name means "mountain of lychees". [3] There is a sacred site at the top of the hill. Phnom Kulen is considered a sacred mountain in Cambodia, of special religious significance for Hindus and Buddhists who come to the mountain on pilgrimage.

The Phnom Kulen mountain range is located 30 km north of Angkor Wat. Its name means "mountain of lychees". [3] There is a sacred site at the top of the hill. Phnom Kulen is considered a sacred mountain in Cambodia, of special religious significance for Hindus and Buddhists who come to the mountain on pilgrimage.

It also has an important symbolic importance for Cambodians as the birthplace of the ancient Khmer Empire, for it was in Phnom Kulen that King Jayavarma II proclaimed independence from Java in 804 CE. Jayavarman II initiated the cult of Devaraja to the king, [4]: ​​99-101 a cult linga, in what is dated 804 CE and declaring his independence from Java, of whom the Khmer had been a state of vassalage (if this is really "Java", the Khmer chvea used to describe Champa, or "Lava" (a lao kingdom) is debated, as well as the legend that it was previously held as a ransom of the kingdom in Java. See Angkor Civilization of Higham for more information on the debate). [5] During the Angkoran era, the relief was known as Mahendraparvata (the mountain of the Great Indra).

Kbal Spean is known for its sculptures representing fertility and its waters, which have a special meaning for Hindus. Just 5 cm below the surface of the water, more than 1000 small sculptures of linga are engraved in the bed of the sandstone river. The waters are considered sacred, since Jayavarman II chose to bathe in the river, and the river diverted so that the bed of stone could be carved. The sculptures include a stone representation of the Hindu god Vishnu lying on the serpent Ananta, with his wife Lakshmi at his feet. [7] A lotus flower protrudes from its navel with the god Brahma. The river then ends with a waterfall and a swimming pool.

Near these mountains is Preah Ang Thom, a sixteenth-century Buddhist monastery noted for the giant reclining Buddha, the largest in the country.

The Samré tribe was once living on the edge of Phnom Kulen, extracting sandstone and transporting it to the royal sites.

The Khmer Rouge used the location as a final fortress when its regime came to an end in 1979.

View Mores Temple Guide

Preah Ko Temple

Preah Ko Temple

Preah Ko (Khmer: The Sagred Bull) was the first temple to be built in the ancient and now extinct city of Hariharalaya (in the area now called Roluos), about 15 kilometers southeast of the main Group ...

Ta Prohm Kel

Ta Prohm Kel

Ta Prohm Kel (Khmer: Prasat Prasat or Prasat Prasat) is a small ruined sandstone monument in the archaeological park of Angkor, Siem Reap province, Cambodia. Ta Prohm Kel was one of the 102 hospital ...

Kampong Phluk floating village

Kampong Phluk floating village

Kampong Phluk is a set of three villages of slaughter houses built within the floodplain about 16 km southeast of Siem Reap. The villages are mainly Khmer and has about 3000 inhabitants among them. ...

Cambodia Culture Village

Cambodia Culture Village

The Cambodian cultural village situated in the province of Siem Reap along the number 6 road distanced itself 3 km from the International Airport of Siem Reap and 5 km from the temple of Angkor Wat, ...

Banteay Srei Tours

Banteay Srei Tours

The tenth-century temple of Banteay Srei is known for its intricate decoration carved in pinkish sandstone that covers the walls like tapestries. This site guarantees all the time that your schedule ...

Prasat linga

Prasat linga

The nearest monuments to the main temple complex of Koh Ker of Prasat Thom are five isolated temples belonging to the Northeast group. Each of them housed a monolithic decorated Lingam of enormous ...

Angkor National Museum

Angkor National Museum

During the Golden Age of the Khmer Kingdom, one of the ancient civilizations of this world was being created. It was the origin of Khmer art, culture and architecture. These great inventions have ...

Ta Nei

Ta Nei

Ta Nei is a 12th century stone temple located in Angkor, Cambodia. Built during the reign of King Jayavarman VII, it is located near the northwest corner of East Baray, a large sacred reservoir. It ...

Krol Ko

Krol Ko

Krol Ko in Angkor, Cambodia, is a Buddhist temple built in the late 12th century under the rule of Jayavarman VII. It is north of Neak Pean. Krol Ko is a small temple located north of Neak Pean. It ...

Chau Say Tevoda

Chau Say Tevoda

Chau Say Tevoda is a temple in Angkor, Cambodia. It is located east of Angkor Thom, directly south of Thommanon, through the Victory Path (before the previous date and post-dates). Built in the ...

Prasat Leak Neang

Prasat Leak Neang

Prasat Leak Neang (Khmer's "Tower of the Hidden Virgin") is a small, 200 m east of Pre Rup, lying Prasat in Angkor. According to an inscription, the building dates from 960 and was built under ...

Prasat Ak Yum

Prasat Ak Yum

Ak Yum (Khmer: ប្រាសាទអកយំ) is an ancient temple in the Angkor region of Cambodia. [2]: 350,352 Helen Jessup dates from the temple until the 8th century and states that it is ...

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